Wheat is one of the most important cereal grain and is one of the world's most favorite staple food. Wheat is consumed in different way all across the world, such as wheat bread, wheat flex, wheat pasta, noodles, pizza etc. A wheat variety knows as Durum, its high gluten strength and uniform golden colour makes it ideal for bread making and pasta preparation.
Wheat was first planted in the United States in 1777 as a hobby crop. Now, there are over 30, 000 varieties of wheat exist and that were produced via cross-breeding of six basic types of the plant. Wheat was initially consumed raw. With advanced technology, people started to grind wheat to produce flour. A whole-wheat berry grain contains the endosperm, germ and bran. Most nutrients are contained in the germ and bran.